Files and folders inside your Hosting account will have permissions that control the read, write and execute operations in Linux.
- Read: Read access allows the file to be viewed by the user. The read permission is indicated with 'r' or number 4.
- Write :Write access allows file modified by the user. The write permission is indicated with 'w' or number 2.
- Execute :Execute access allows running programs by the user. The execute permission is indicated with 'x' or number 1.
Read, Write and Execute permissions can be set for the following 3 user groups.
- User: owner of the file.
- Group: Other users of same group belongs.-- User of the same group where this file is located.
- World: Access for everyone who is not in the group.
Providing full permission of a file is a combination of permissions and access types. In cPanel, you will find the file permission with 644 number. For the user Read permission value of 4 and write the value of 2 equals total 6. Also, the same file has read permissions with group and world. Hence, the total value of that file is 644. As Directory needs to be run by everyone (other users), we need to provide 755 permissions.
Following are the steps to change the file permission on cPanel.
- Login to your cPanel account.
- Go to the File Manager.
- Select the required file or directory which permission you are looking to change.
- Provide appropriate permissions to your files/directory as we have understood above and click on Change permissions.
- You can view the given file permissions as per the below images.