How to Backup and Restore MySQL Databases From Command Line?

mysqldump is an easy and quick tool to create backup of MySQL databases. It creates a dump file of MySQL databases containing SQL commands to recreate the database at the destination MySQL server. mysqldump allows you to backup a single database and multiple databases as well.

Take MySQL Database Backup

To take backup of MySQL database, first you'll have to connect to MySQL server through command line.

mysql -uusername -p // Replace username with your username.

Enter MySQL user password and hit Enter. You will see mysql prompt appears. To take backup of MySQL database, first you must know the database name you wish to backup. You can display all databases by firing following command at the mysql prompt.

show databases;

Now, assume that you want to take backup of database named mysql-database.

mysqldump mysql-database > mysql-database-backup.sql

This command will backup database mysql-database into a SQL dump namely mysql-database-backup.sql.

mysqldump --databases mysql-database-one mysql-database-two mysql-database-three > database-backups.sql

This command will backup databases mysql-database-one, mysql-database-two and mysql-database-three into a SQL dump file namely database-backups.sql.

Restore MySQL Database

To restore a MySQL database from a backup file, fire following command.

mysql mysql-database < mysql-database-backup.sql

Here, mysql-database is the name of database you want to restore and mysql-database-backup.sql is the backup file to be restored.
  • 0 Users Found This Useful

Was this answer helpful?

Related Articles

How to Repair a MySQL Database Through Linux and Windows Command Line?

This article describes how to repair MySQL database tables through Linux and Windows command...

How to Fix MySQL Error "Plugin 'InnoDB' registration as a STORAGE ENGINE failed"?

Problem Statement MySQL service is stopped. Error Message 150206 4:42:12 [ERROR] Plugin...

How to Fix Error Forcing close of thread 310 user: 'root' in MySQL?

Problem Statement MySQL server keeps on shutting down. Error Message C:\Program...

How to edit the MySQL my.cnf file in Linux VPS?

Linux VPS and Dedicated server customers can edit MySQL configuration settings by modifying...

How to Fix MySQL Error "The server quit without updating PID file"?

MySQL server plays a vital role for your Linux Server. It runs all of your website's databases,...