The .htaccess file is used to write/ rewrite and other default code in Linux. The .htaccess is a hidden configuration file containing information about how the Apache web server handles requests.
The .htaccess file resides in the root directory of your website. It is a configuration file that controls how certain elements and pages of your site behave. The .htaccess file is not new, but it is a lesser-known tool that website developers can use to make their sites more secure.
If you are reading this article, you have heard about the importance of security for websites. However, if you have just started building websites or are thinking about doing so soon, you might wonder, 'What is the .htaccess file, and How to Use it to Secure Your Website?'
Keep reading to find out!
What is a .htaccess file?
A .htaccess file is a configuration file that allows you to make specific changes to your website's server settings, such as which files to send to specific browsers and how to handle errors and other tasks. A .htaccess file is like a set of instructions that tell your server how to behave. When someone types in your website's URL, this file tells the server which files to send back to the person's browser.
Why Use .htaccess to Secure Your Website?
.htaccess is the best way to protect your website from hackers and malicious threats. You can do many things to keep your site safe and secure, but nothing is more effective than using .htaccess. In addition, .htaccess is one of the best ways to protect your site from hackers because you can make specific changes to cover certain pages.
How to Use .htaccess to Secure Your Website?
To secure your website, you must take advantage of the .htaccess file. You can set specific rules in the .htaccess file to control your server's behavior and protect your website. Here are a few examples of rules you can set in your .htaccess file to secure your website –
- Limit the IPs that can access your site.
- Create redirections for specific URLs.
- Set up custom error pages, such as 404 pages.
- Redirect visitors from HTTP to HTTPS.
- Create password-protect directories on the server.
- Set up hotlinking protection.
How to Edit Your .htaccess file?
To edit your .htaccess file, you'll need to either download the existing file using your FTP client or access it via cPanel.
Security is critical for all websites. Hackers are always trying to find vulnerabilities in websites to penetrate them and steal data. So, website developers must understand how to use the .htaccess file to secure their website. The .htaccess file is one of the best ways to protect your site. It is a configuration file that controls how certain elements and pages of your site behave. The .htaccess file is not new, but it's a tool that website developers can use to make their sites more secure.